Fishing is one of the most relaxing and exciting pastimes both at the same time.

You may be sat there a while concentrating on your line, and as soon as you hook a fish, the adrenaline starts pumping and it is you against nature trying to reel the fish in.

While it is easy to learn, there are a few things you need to know in the beginning.

fishing for beginners guide

Here, we will show how you can get into a pastime that is great for bonding, spending time with friends and family, or to just relax after a long week at work.

This comprehensive fishing for beginners guide is great for new anglers, or ones who have just started and want a refresher on some of the areas they may have missed.

You will see all the fishing gear you need, how to land a fish, and what to do with it once you have caught it.

If you are ready to take on the fish, carry on reading the beginners guide to fishing.

Types of Fishing

It doesn’t matter where you go, you can catch trout, salmon, bass, catfish, and crappie among others.

He are also not limited to where you can fish as long as you have a body of water. You can fish from the shore, off bridges or from boats.

Here are some of the common kinds of fishing, which keeps anglers hooked.

Freshwater Fishing

Around forty-percent of fishing which takes place is freshwater, and there are many lakes, streams or rivers, which will hold plenty of fish.

Unless you venture to the ocean, the majority of fishing will be in freshwater.

This type of fishing is great for beginners because you can start with less equipment, and you possibly won’t need to travel as far.

Saltwater Fishing

The ocean delivers a very different fishing experience. It is also one that many anglers look forward to once they know the ropes and have more confidence.

Saltwater fishing can be done from the shore, piers, or the ultimate is to take a boat on a fishing trip.

Fly Fishing

The equipment for this kind of fishing is slightly different. While you have a rod and reel, these vary to regular ones, as does the bait.

The bait are flies, which are made to replicate real flies or insects.

Ice Fishing equipments

Ice Fishing

In certain areas, this can be a great way of fishing in the depths of winter. When lakes freeze hard enough to walk on, you can venture out and cut a hole to fish through.

Ice fishing takes different equipment such as an ice auger to drill through the ice and possibly a portable shelter to protect you from the weather.

Kayak Fishing

This is becoming increasingly popular. It delivers a great way to get out on a lake where you have the chance to catch larger fish than you could from the side.

It does take a fishing kayak, and many use special trolling motors for precise positioning or to prevent drifting away from the best fishing spots.

There are other kinds; however, these are the most accessible for fisherman. There is also the type of fishing.

Many do it for the fun so they will fall under the catch and release umbrella. That means once you catch a fish, you release it back into the water.

This kind of fishing is preferred to preserve natural resources rather than keeping them all for food.

You also need to know how to take a fish off the hook so you don’t cause any harm, and it can swim freely.

fishing gears

Fishing Essentials

Just like, you were off camping and you were drawing up your camping essentials list, there are specific things you need when you venture off for your first time fishing.

You don’t need to spend a great deal amount of money, and even if you decide to take your children with you, you can easily find the best fishing rod for kids for just a few dollars.

Here are your essentials, these can vary depending on the type of fishing you are doing, but regular fishing will require the following fishing gear as standard.

Fishing License

You will need a fishing license, and each state has their own rules and regulations. This is the first thing you will need and you will need to check with your home state or the state you plan on fishing.

Rods and reels

Adults often choose a spinning rod and reel. You do need to be sure it feels comfortable to hold and not too long for when you cast.

The kind of reel will make a difference, and for many beginners they opt for a close faced reel.

Open face allows you to cast further, but you can easily move to this kind when you have more experience.

Fishing line

For beginners, it is best to choose a monofilament line between 4 -12 pound test weights. These should cover most fish weights in the beginning.

These come in varying colors and are individually packed. This will require you to spool it onto your reel before your fishing expedition.


These are wire with a hook and barb on one end. On the other end, they will have eye to tie your line to. Different sized hooks are for different sized fish.

Sizes of 6 to 10 are sufficient for most kinds of fish. Circle hooks are much kinder to the fish when you are catching and releasing.

Split shot

These are small weights that are sliced in the middle. Once you have your line in the water, these help it sink.

You can get these is different sizes of split shot, but they all clamp to your line when you squeeze it together.

Plastic bobbers

These floats sit in the water. Most have colors on the top so you can see when a fish takes a bit as they dip below the surface.

The secret is to get these weighted correctly so they don’t sit too high or too low in the water.


Live bait is the best, and many sporting stores that carry fishing gear will sell it. Depending on the type of fish will dictate the type of bait.

Maggots, worms minnows, crickets are just some you can find for sale. You can use lures as well, these shimmer under the water while your reel in.

Tackle Box

You can amass a large amount of fishing equipment in a short time. It is better to use a purpose built tackle box because they have compartments for the different pieces of your equipment.

In this, you do need a disgorger or pliers. These make it easier to remove the hook from the fish’s mouth.

You may also need a landing net so you can pull fish from the water. This same them harm and makes it easier to grab your fish so you can remove the hook.

Fishing Tips for Beginners

Setting up your rod

Fishing requires time and patience to do most things. This will be the case when you start knot tying. You do get faster, but you will always need to pay attention to what you are doing.

The first step is spooling your line onto your spinning reel. You can use the arbor knot, or the Spool Uni knot to fasten your line to your reel.

You open the bail arm and wind the reel to fill the spool with the line. Once this is done, you can feed the line through the eyes of your rod.

Tying Your Fish Hook

Knots are a key part of fishing, and making sure you use the correct knot is vital. To tie your hook, thread the end of the line through the eye and the knot you need is a clinch knot.

This is quite easy. Wrap your line around itself about five times and then slip the end through the bottom of your knot and tighten once you lubricate it.

Attaching Your Bobbers and Spilt Shot

This depends on the depth of the water and where the fish are feeding. From the bobber, you need sufficient line so the hook sits in the feeding area.

These fasten to your line and you can position them easily.

The split shot needs to be position between your bobber and hook. These keep your hook in position.

Attaching Your Bait

When you come to bait your hook, it can take practice. It also depends on the bait you are using.

If you use worms, you don’t one end on the hook with the other hanging for a couple of inches. Fish will feed on the long bit without taking the hook.

How to Fish

These fishing tips for beginners show the basics in how you actually fish.


  1. Hold your rod just above where your reel is fastened to your rod. Depending on your reel, you either pull back the bail arm, and keep your index finger holding the line against the rod, or push the release button.
  2. Twist slightly and shit your weight
  3. Check there is no-one behind you
  4. Bend your elbow a little, raise your arm and flick your rod forward. As your arm passes your body, lift your finger off the line so it can unravel.
  5. You will see your bobber and hook flying across the water. Once it lands, flick the bail arm back and reel up the slack.

Fishing with your kids

Reeling in a Fish

You can be sat watching your bobber for a while before you get a bite. Once you see the bobber move, it means a fish is playing with the bait.

Once the bobber dips under the water’s surface, these few fishing tips are what you need to do.

  1. Set the hook in the fish by jerking your hand to create tension on the line. This should pull the hook through the fishes’ lip.
  2. Slowly spin the reel with the handle. You can reel and relax if the fish is fighting. They can quickly tire. A big fish can take a while to land, and this is what makes it thrilling. Just be careful not to pull too hard or you can hurt your fish, or even worse, you can break your line.
  3. Once it is close to the shore, take your net, and holding your rod upward, scoop the net under the fish.

Once you land the fish, it is important you know how to hold a fish for removing the hook, or for your treasured photo as proof. You then remove the hook with needle nose pliers or your disgorger.

You can then crouch to the water’s edge to release the fish for another angler on another day. Be gentle and never throw them back. This shocks them and it will scare the other fish away.

The above guide are the very basics of how to fish for beginners. It can take years to know all there is, but for many, that is half of the fun. Going fishing is highly rewarding especially with your kids, even if you return home empty handed.

Fishing For Beginners

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